Brachial Plexus Surgery in Arunachal Pradesh


The brachial plexus is a network of nerves that originates in the neck and runs through the shoulder, arm, and hand. It is responsible for the movement and sensation of the upper limb. The brachial plexus is made up of five spinal nerves: C5, C6, C7, C8, and T1. These nerves combine and form three trunks that further divide into several branches that supply the muscles and skin of the upper limb.

Causes of Brachial Plexus Injury:

The brachial plexus can be injured due to various reasons such as:


This is the most common cause of brachial plexus injury. Trauma can occur due to accidents, falls, sports injuries, or any other physical trauma that damages the nerves.
Inflammation: Inflammatory conditions such as autoimmune disorders or infections can cause inflammation of the brachial plexus, leading to nerve damage.
Tumors: Tumors that develop in the brachial plexus or nearby structures can compress and damage the nerves.

Radiation therapy:

Radiation therapy for cancer in the neck or chest area can damage the brachial plexus.

The symptoms of brachial plexus injury depend on the severity and location of the injury. Common symptoms include:

  • Pain: Pain in the neck, shoulder, arm, or hand is the most common symptom of brachial plexus injury.
  • Weakness: Weakness in the affected arm or hand can occur due to nerve damage.
  • Numbness: Numbness or tingling sensation in the arm or hand can occur due to nerve damage.
  • Loss of sensation: Loss of sensation or decreased sensation in the arm or hand can occur due to nerve damage.
  • Muscle atrophy: If the nerve damage is severe, it can lead to muscle wasting and atrophy.

Treatment of Brachial Plexus Injury:

The treatment of brachial plexus injury depends on the severity and location of the injury. Mild cases may only require rest and pain relief medication, while severe cases may require surgery. Some common treatments for brachial plexus injury include:

  • Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help improve muscle strength, range of motion, and flexibility.
  • Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy can help patients learn new ways to perform daily activities using the unaffected arm or hand.
  • Surgery: Surgery may be required in severe cases to repair or graft the damaged nerves.
  • Pain relief medication:Over-the-counter or prescription pain relief medication can help alleviate pain associated with brachial plexus injury.

In conclusion, brachial plexus injury can cause significant pain, weakness, and numbness in the upper limb. The causes of this injury vary, but it can result from physical trauma, inflammation, tumors, or radiation therapy. Treatment for brachial plexus injury depends on the severity of the injury and may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, surgery, and pain relief medication.

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